William & Mary Business Law Review


“Liberty requires accountability” is the essential precept which animates the Appointments Clause of Article II. This constitutional safeguard assures that those who exercise the sovereign power of the United States remain accountable both to the Chief Executive who appointed them and to the People who elected that President. The proviso was most recently tested in Lucia v. SEC, and, most assuredly, shall be in controversy again. After first expositing the high Court’s extensive Appointments Clause jurisprudence presaging Lucia, this Article thoroughly explores this newest Article II landmark, before concluding with commentary upon future Appointments Clause challenges expected to soon arrive before the Supreme Court