Virginia Coastal Policy Center


This white paper first explains the federal and state wind energy siting approval processes and the military’s current involvement in those processes. In particular, the paper focuses on permit-issuing agencies as opposed to policy-making agencies. Parts I and II outline the federal and state permitting process, respectively. In Part III, the paper discusses the military’s concerns regarding wind energy siting. Part IV moves to the current status of Virginia’s onshore and offshore wind industries. Part V analyzes two case studies: Block Island Wind Farm in Rhode Island and the Pantego Wind Energy Facility in North Carolina. Finally, Part VI synthesizes recommendations to better incorporate Department of Defense (DoD) input into offshore and onshore wind energy siting decisions in the Commonwealth.

This abstract has been taken from the authors' introduction.

Document Type

Renewable Energy

Publication Date

Spring 2021