Mikayla Mangle


Tribal and state/local governments have maintained a unique and crucial relationship throughout the United States’ history. Today, state and federally recognized Tribes sometimes face obstacles when attempting to implement projects due to state or local government opposition and vice versa. Federally recognized Tribes are sovereign, self-governing entities on equal footing with state governments. State recognized tribes, on the other hand, may not be equal to state governments, depending on the state laws regarding tribal state recognition. State recognized tribes do not have the same benefits as federally recognized tribes in that the tribe’s status is recognized by the state but the tribe is not guaranteed funding from the state or federal government. Due to this unique relationship, it is essential that productive cooperation and understanding exists between the Tribal and state/local governments.

This memorandum describes the relationship between tribal, state, and local governments. The summary is broken down into two sections: state and tribal government relationships and local and tribal government relationships. Case studies showcase the relationships between particular Tribes and local or state governments. These case studies demonstrate how certain Tribes and local or state governments are working together and how their collaboration affects Tribal and non-Tribal communities.

This abstract has been taken from the author's introduction.

Document Type

Virginia Tribes

Publication Date

Spring 2022

Publication Information

A Study of Tribal Communication Frameworks, Appendix B.


This paper is Appendix B to A Study of Tribal Communication Frameworks.

Appendix A is also available as a separate file: Tribal Resilience and Community Plans.