William & Mary Law Review


Zois Manaris


This Note proposes a test to govern “relating to” specific jurisdiction, a variation on a theme to those familiar with the doctrine: a “sliding scale” approach to contacts and relatedness, accompanied by a separate assessment of reasonableness factors the Supreme Court has outlined in previous cases to serve as a check on the sliding scale. Part I of this Note explains the “sliding scale” approach, its unpleasant first interaction with the Court, and its revival by the Ford majority. Part II defines this Note’s proposed test and demonstrates its consistency with Supreme Court precedent. Finally, Part III applies this Note’s proposed approach to hypothetical fact patterns falling within the traditional general-specific personal jurisdiction gray area that raise questions that could mark the next developments of “relating to” jurisdiction doctrine.

This abstract has been taken from the author's introduction.