In an endorsement of Justice Black’s dissent in Bell v. Maryland, this work argues in favors of Black’s interpretation of the state action requirement and attempts to make sense of Black’s understanding in other cases where he found state action in similar private circumstances.
1965 Duke Law Journal 219-247
Van Alstyne, William W., "Mr. Justice Black, Constitutional Review, and the Talisman of State Action" (1965). Faculty Publications. 780.